The Linux operating system is one of the best known. Of course, besides Windows and also Mac Os, which are much more widely used. Even though it is fairly familiar, the number of Linux users is far less than the Mac OS or Windows operating systems. Even though there are many advantages and advantages of using Linux when compared to the other two operating systems. One of the reasons for the lack of Linux users is because of the many false facts that are heard about this operating system.
There are tons of false or incorrect facts about the Linux operating system. So that it makes many people feel doubtful and even afraid to try to use an operating system with these many advantages. For that, below, we will give you what the wrong facts about Linux that should no longer be trusted are. Here it is!
✅ Linux looks unattractive
This fact is completely false. Linux has a GUI that is no less attractive. Apart from being as attractive as the appearance of Windows, the Linux GUI is actually not as complicated as many users imagine. For example, for Ubuntu Linux users, the GUI that they have is definitely very attractive and also not difficult. There are also several other types of Linux that are just as interesting.
For users new to Linux, installing a display theme will also be very helpful. There are currently several different types of display themes available for download for Linux. For example, the Windows theme on Linux.
Some Linux distributions like elementary os have a GUI that is no less beautiful than macOS.
✅ No virus in Linux
One more false fact about Linux is that there is no virus in this operating system. In fact, even computers or laptops that use the Linux operating system can catch viruses. It’s just maybe not as frequent as Windows. This is because viruses or malware created for Windows will not work on computers with the Linux operating system.
Interestingly, most viruses are currently only made for Windows only. It is very rare for a virus to be created for the Mac OS operating system or even Linux. But again, that doesn’t mean there isn’t a virus at all on the operating system.
✅ Linux operation only via terminal
When it was first introduced a few years ago, Linux had to be operated via a terminal. Much like DOS. But then again, that was then. Currently, developers have developed many different types and types for Linux. Where the operation becomes very easy. Until now, almost all types of Linux operating systems can be used as usual. Like when you use a computer with the Windows or Mac OS operating system. The use of terminals in Linux has become increasingly rare, as rare as when you use a terminal or CMD on Windows. So, the difficulty of using it is no longer a reason not to use Linux.
✅ Cannot play games on Linux
Wrong! Currently, there are lots of games made for the Linux operating system. Not only that, even some types of games can be accessed and played as usual with Linux. For example, DOTA 2 or left four dead games are available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OS operating systems. Even well-known game developers like Steam are now providing support for use with Linux. So, using this operating system doesn’t mean you can’t play games anymore.
If you feel bored with Windows or Linux games, you can try various games online on various platforms. For example, if you like playing games, you can visit several online sites that provide these games. We recommend that you play on trusted agent sites because they can also give you various benefits. Usually, they provide Casino IDN Live games, which are very popular with online betting lovers, such as oglok online, baccarat, monopoly, dice 6, and many more.
Hi all, in this article I will share 10 basic commands for RedHat 7 or Linux which are commonly used by system administrators. Hopefully, it can be a reference for learning for beginners.
1. Uptime Command
On a RedHat or Linux operating system, the way to find out how long the server has been up for is using the #uptime command.
2.w Command (anyone currently accessing)
In simple terms, the #w command will display who is currently accessing the server as well as displaying detailed information on the process being carried out by each user.
This kind of commands usually used in many online betting sites, this command can help you monitor who is using the server. In other words, it will help you maintain the security level on your site. A giant online betting company such as YukBola from Asia, manage to keep their data safe by utilizing this command to the fullest. Thus, nowadays this company is being trusted by its loyal members for a place to play their bet without any risk and concern about safety. Super safe!
3. ls Command (view directory contents)
#Ls command is used to view the contents of a directory.
Command #ls -ltrh to display detailed directory contents including permissions, owner, file size, and file names.
4. Copy, Move & Rename Command
Command for file copy is
server # cp filename / destination directory / filename
The command to move a file is
server # mv filename / destination directory / filename
The command to rename files in the same directory is
server # cp -i nama_file nama_baru then the server will ask for approval whether the file can be overwritten or not
5. Cat Command (view the contents of the text file)
Command #cat is usually used to view the contents of a text file
6. Cd Command (move directory)
As the name implies, the #cd (change directory) command is used to move to another directory. For example, I want access to the / home / guest directory, then the command that needs to be typed:
7. Pwd Command (current directory location)
Command #pwd means the present work directory or directory that I am currently accessing.
8. SSH Command (secure shell / access to server)
SSH command is usually used for access to another RedHat or Linux server.
server # ssh username @ ip_address
For example, I want to SSH to server 192.168.22.100 using the username root
9. Top Command (see usage and process)
The #top command is used to see real time CPU, memory, swap, and process usage.
10. Grep Command (sort directory contents)
Grep is very useful for sorting files in a directory or sorting a running process name based on text (string).
For example, I want to see the file name or directory name that has the word ‘lost’
For example, I want to see a process running with the name ‘crond’
Those are the 10 basic RedHat commands that are commonly used every day, hopefully, they can be useful. Keep learning and feel free to leave comments or questions for discussion together. I will respond as soon as possible and see you in the next article.
The Most Popular Linux Distro in 2020
Red Hat is a Linux distribution developed by a company called Red Hat Inc and is often called Red Hat Linux but in 2003 it was changed to Red Hat Enterprise Linux specifically for corporate environments. This operating system was also the first to popularize the use of the RPM Package Manager system.
This OS stands for “Community Enterprise Operating System” and is an example of a Linux distribution system developed by The CentOS Project. This operating system is created using source code that comes from a different OS, Red Hat. Therefore, in terms of product CentOs is very similar to Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
This is one of the Linux distributions that was developed because it is sponsored and supported by Red Hat but was created by a special team called the “Fedora Project”. Even the name Fedora is taken from one of the characters in the Red Hat logo itself. Similar to Red Hat, the Fedora operating system also uses the RPM Package Manager system.
openSUSE is also an operating system that is founded on the Linux kernel or so-called Linux distributions. The openSUSE Project as the developer created this operating system with the aim that Linux users can be more advanced with stable and user-friendly performance. openSUSE is more often used as a desktop/server operating system.
The Mandrake operating system or what can also be called Mandriva Linux is one type of Linux distribution that this time was developed by a company called Mandriva. Similar to Fedora, the Mandrake operating system also uses the RPM Package Manager system.
The naming process of one of these Linux distributions is quite unique. The originator for the first time, Ian Murdock, gave the name Debian because it was a combination of his name and his former lover. One of the reasons why Debian is one of the most widely used Linux distributions is because of its good security.
Ubuntu is an operating system based on Debian and developed by a company from South Africa called Canonical ltd. The naming origin of Ubuntu also comes from the South African language which means humanity. By its nature as an open-source OS, Ubuntu is deliberately prioritized for public or server purposes.
If previously you knew that a Linux distribution called Ubuntu was made based on Debian, this time there is a Linux distribution based on Debian and Ubuntu. Its name is Mint or what is commonly called Linux Mint.
Zorin is a Linux distribution that has a graphical appearance very similar to Windows, even including its applications. Since the beginning, the purpose of making this operating system is so that users who are familiar with Windows can enjoy the features of Linux without having to experience difficulties.
Make your own choice and choose wisely, every single one of them is made with their own unique characteristics. Make sure to learn a thing or two before you choose, knowing the basic will surely help you to make the right call.
What are the advantages, disadvantages, and features of the Linux operating system? When compared with other OS such as Windows, and Mac OS X. This time the technology will explain what Linux OS is, and also some of the advantages and disadvantages of the Linux operating system.
Definition – What is Linux OS?
Linux was originally developed in 1991, by a Finnish student named Linus Torvalds, as a personal project. Initially, Linux was not an operating system, but only a kernel. The kernel is arguably the core or heart of an operating system. Linux is built and developed in an open-source (open source) and similar to Unix (Unix Like).
The name Linux was also taken on a suggestion from a friend Linus Torvald. Along with its development and assisted by various kinds of developers around the world, Linux distributions are created. Linux distributions are operating systems for computing devices, and applications are distributed using the Linux kernel.
Some examples of popular Linux distributions include:
And many more, of course.
Here are 7 advantages of Linux OS:
Unlike Windows which is a closed source, and paid. Linux is a free and open-source operating system. Which means that anyone can view and edit the source code, as needed. So we can install the OS on multiple computers or laptops, without any license restrictions. Linux is also used successfully for the development of a mobile operating system, called Android.
One of the advantages that Linux has, compared to Windows OS, is the security factor. Almost rarely, there is a virus or malware that attacks Linux users or users. Compared to Windows OS, which is very vulnerable to attacks. This is because Linux is only targeted by certain users or users, such as people who work in the server section, IT activists, and so on. So you don’t need to install anti-virus software when using Linux.
3. System is Stable
Linux systems allow for less frequent crashes, tend to be more stable than Windows OS. Where we usually see a “Blue Screen” on our monitor screen, for Windows users or users. And if you are using Windows, you have to get used to restarting or rebooting the computer, to some extent.
4. For Server
Because of guaranteed security and a stable system. Therefore, Linux is often used as an operating system for servers, cloud computing, from various companies around the world.
5. Low Specifications
Linux does not require a high computer or laptop specifications to run normally. Because Linux can be fairly light, it doesn’t consume a lot of resources on the computer.
6. Can Read Windows Filesystem
Linux can read and write files stored on filesystems in Windows, such as NTFS and FAT32. One example of a Linux distribution that has this capability is Ubuntu. Especially if you dual boot Ubuntu with Windows, on your computer or laptop.
7. Large community
For those of you who want to learn Linux. You don’t need to worry about resources for learning. Because it is open-source, Linux has a community that is spread all over the world. And there are many forums, blogs on the internet, which discuss topics, problems about the Linux operating system.
Linux, created by a programmer named Linus Torvalds, is an open source-based operating system.
Because of the ‘uniqueness’ of this operating system, it’s no wonder that many people use Linux for security reasons, and it’s free.
Even though some people find Linux difficult and confusing, it doesn’t mean you can’t have fun with this OS. Like the operating system in general, you can do anything related to entertainment on a laptop or PC that installs this OS, like playing one of them.
Quoted from various sources, here are some game recommendations that you can play on devices that carry the Linux OS.
It is a game with the FPS genre that is distributed by Alientrap Software based on the GPL license. The game, which was first released in 2005, uses a game engine that has been modified in such a way.
✅ Battle of Wesnoth
Battle of Wesnoth is one of the games developed by David White since 2003 and is recommended to be played on Linux-based devices. Games that have this genre of strategy have gameplay or rules that are quite simple and quite challenging.
Uniquely this game can be played in multiplayer or simultaneously up to 8 people. With notes, these 8 people are still in the same network.
✅ America’s Army
One of the tactical games that can be played multiplayer and FPS genre was developed by the Federal government of the United States. In addition to having fun, initially, the purpose of this game was made as a means or medium for propaganda by the American army and to recruit US army personnel.
✅ Aliens Arena
Still, with the FPS genre game released by COR Entertainment in 2004, where the storyline and gameplay of this game are similar to Quake, which is played single player against computer bots. Not only that, but through this game, there is also an internal browser that can be used to search for opponents in online games.
✅ Enemy Territory: Quake Wars
The game, which also has FPS genre, is a continuation of the Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory game. Not surprisingly, this game also has a plot and gameplay that is almost the same as the game Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory.
Those are 5 recommendations of the most suitable games to be played on Linux OS-based devices and hopefully useful.
It must be admitted that although there are now more and more numbers, the availability of applications for the Linux platform is still less than Windows and macOS.
Therefore, some people might have trouble finding the application they want on Linux. But if you are a gambler and want a online poker application on your Linux system, you can try to check it on Google, which is a good browser to play your favorite game there. Despite you are on a Linux system, you can easily download the online poker game and play it without being interrupted by the ads.
Luckily, there are similar applications with the same features as their favorite applications on the Windows platform. Well, this time, I want to share 5 Linux applications that I use frequently. Curious? Check below.
5 Most Useful Androbuntu Linux Applications
First, there is Gimp. For those of you who don’t know, Gimp is an open-source photo processing application. Gimp is often juxtaposed with Photoshop because its availability is almost similar, yes, even though it’s not as complete as Photoshop.
But along with its development later, I’m sure Gimp will be more established. And on Androbuntu, Gimp is usually used to compress images, crop images, and other things related to images and photos.
Inkscape is the software that I usually use to make vector images such as logos and icons. Speaking of which, I also created the Androbuntu logo using Inkscape. Usually, when there are tutorial articles that require me to create banners or interesting images into it, I always use Inkscape.
Based on the functions and features, Inkscape can be likened to Adobe Illustrator and CorelDraw. Yes, although the features are not as complete as Illustrator, for me, who is not a professional designer, it is enough. The advantages of Inkscape compared to Illustrator include its small size and lightweight.
I think the browser is a mandatory application that should be on all computers and laptops. Especially for a blogger like me who most of my work time is spent in the browser. And for the mainstay browser, I dropped on Chrome. The reason?
Simple and lightweight display and synchronization feature that really helps to synchronize the browser history on the laptop and Android. And of course, Chrome is fully integrated with other Google services.
I am one of those who are quite anti-storing data on the hard disk. Both the internal hard drive and external hard drive. Because by storing data on the hard disk, the risk of losing data is very large. Either because of damage to the hard disk, lost the hard disk, or something else. And I have felt the pain of losing data because of this.
The pain was far more painful than being left behind when I was, unfortunately, unfortunately. So now I save all data in the cloud. The cloud storage application that I use is Dropbox. The reason is simple because Dropbox is one of the few cloud providers that provide Linux versions of applications. So I can sync the data that I store on Android and also the laptop.
To write articles that I publish on Androbuntu, I usually write to them using Simplenote. Only when finished, will I move to the WordPress dashboard. Simplenote, as the name suggests, is a very simple note-taking application. But it really met my needs.
Simplenote’s main features include synchronization between devices, making an unlimited number of notes, and completely free. And of course, what I like the most is that there is a Linux version of the application. So I can write on a smartphone, then continue on the laptop. Or vice versa.
Well, that was the 5 most useful Linux application version of Androbuntu. Do you use it too?
Microsoft provides Windows, in this case, Windows 10, with a variety of licenses through different channels, including Retail, OEM, and Volume.
Each channel offers a full version of Windows 10 but has different rules. This article reviews the notions of the three channels and the attributes that make them different from each other.
As mentioned, each license channel offers different attributes, which can determine what can and cannot be done, such as upgrading or downgrading the operating system. This article, therefore, will also review how to check the type of license installed on a device.
✅ Windows Retail
The Windows license from a Retail channel is the simplest, most common, and easiest license to obtain. Users can buy it through online retail stores or local stores, which usually sell Windows with official box packaging. Retail licenses, for information, are also often called Full Packaged Products (FPP).
Retail licenses can only be used on one device and by one user. However, users can move it to a different device, by deactivating it first on the previous device. This license transfer process has no restrictions; users can do it on an unlimited number of different devices.
With a Retail license, users will get full support from Microsoft, including providing solutions to the problems being faced, both related to software and hardware. This license also allows users to upgrade the operating system, but not to downgrade it.
✅ Windows OEM
OEM stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer, which, if translated literally, is an original equipment manufacturer. Licenses obtained through the OEM channel are usually obtained when purchasing a device that has been pre-installed by Windows by original equipment manufacturers, such as Dell, HP, or Asus.
An OEM license, because it is obtained together with a device, cannot be transferred to a different device. The Windows product key from an OEM license is usually displayed on the bottom of the device using a sticker. However, lately, these keys have usually been linked directly to the device’s hardware, and are only used by Windows when needed.
In addition to upgrading the operating system, users with an OEM license can also downgrade it, with a limit of two versions. This downgrade only applies to the same edition, such as Windows 10 Pro, which can be downgraded to Windows 7 Pro, or Windows 7 Enterprise to Windows XP Enterprise, etc.
The price for an OEM license is also cheaper than a Retail license because it has been bundled with the cost of the device purchased. However, users with an OEM license will not get support from Microsoft, but directly from the original equipment manufacturers that produce and sell the device.
✅ Windows Volume
The Windows license obtained through the Volume channel is different from the two channels previously mentioned. This license is not sold to individuals, but organizations, such as companies, schools, or government. Therefore, these licenses are usually sold and bought in large quantities.
Volume licenses usually cannot be installed on devices that are not part of the organization concerned. Organizations also usually activate all their tools with one product key through a Key Management Service (KMS) server or Multiple Activation Keys (MAK).
Check the type of license installed
Users can easily check the type of license installed on the device. The steps to do this involve the Windows Server License Manager Script (slmgr) which can be run through the Command Prompt:
Step 1: Open Command Prompt through an administrator account.
Users can do this by opening Start, then searching for the keyword “Command Prompt.” Once found, right-click Command Prompt, then select the “Run as administrator” option.
Step 2: Paste the slmgr / dli command code in the Command Prompt, then press Enter.
This will open a dialog box, which then displays the edition of Windows used, as well as the type of license installed. The device I’m using, for example, uses Windows 10 Pro, with a license obtained through the Retail channel, as shown in the screenshot above.
TLDR: Windows Retail is a license that is usually purchased through a retail store, whereas Windows OEM refers to a license that is usually obtained together with the device purchased. Both are for individuals. Windows Volume, on the other hand, refers to licenses that are intended for organizations, and are usually purchased in large quantities.
Starting from Ubuntu and Linux Mint which are simple and suitable for new users, to openSUSE which is specifically for developers and system administrators, these Linux distros need to be known, tried, and learned.
Linux is an operating system (OS) that is open source and has been used by many users from various parts of the country. OS that can be downloaded and used for free is often an alternative to Windows and macOS, which are paid products. Here I have summarized some of the best Linux distributions that users can try; some are suitable for new users, and the rest are specific to more specific needs.
Keep in mind, Linux is an OS that was built based on Unix, and began to be famous in the late 1970s. Since then, this OS has been adopted by various software developers, which eventually formed a Linux distribution, or what we know as distributions. If explained, the distribution is a designation for the OS on a computer, including its application, which uses the Linux kernel.
The first best Linux distribution I want to discuss is Ubuntu. This distro is one of the most popular Linux distributions. Ubuntu is highly recommended for beginners who are new to Linux because this distribution offers a user-friendly UI and also has a large community, which can help make it easier for new users to use Ubuntu.
A new version of Ubuntu is released every six months. At the time of writing, Ubuntu has been released up to Ubuntu 19.04. Every year, Canonical, which is an Ubuntu developer, releases a version of Ubuntu LTS (long-term service). This version guarantees users five years of maintenance and security updates. Previously for the non-LTS version, the update was only given for one year from the date of release.
Ubuntu has many variations, with DE, Desktop Environment, which distinguishes it from one another. According to Wikipedia, DE “generally refers to the graphical style of the user interface that shows desktop figures on modern computer screens.” One variation of Ubuntu is Lubuntu, which uses DE based on LXDE. Another variant is Kubuntu, which uses KDE Plasma.
✅ Arch Linux
If the user wants to try a Linux distribution that is less user-friendly, Arch Linux is the right choice. Arch Linux allows users to customize their builds, where users can choose the software package that they want to download through the Terminal.
With this option, users can choose which packages to install and which not to save storage space. Therefore, this will be very useful for developers and those who use computers with low specifications.
However, over time, now there is also a version of Arch Linux, which is named Antergos with a more user-friendly appearance. Antergos comes with more drivers and pre-installed applications. Therefore, the purpose of building Antergos itself is to facilitate the operation of Arch Linux’s features, starting from the initial installation to using it for daily activities.
Deepin is a Linux distribution from China developed by Wuhan Deepin Technology Co., Ltd. This distribution is based on Debian and uses DDE, Deepin Desktop Environment. Almost the same as Elementary OS, the selling value of this Distro is its elegant appearance and very soothing eyes.
When this article was written, the latest version of this distribution is Deepin 15.11. Also, Deepin is equipped with AppStore, which provides a variety of applications that can be a support for the daily needs of users.
✅ Kali Linux
Kali Linux, which was formerly known as BackTrack, is a Linux distribution specifically designed for penetration testing and security auditing. Therefore, this distro is widely known by users as a distro that must be used by a “hacker.” Kali Linux is developed, funded, and managed by Offensive Security, a leading information security training company.
Based on Debian, Kali Linux has hundreds of pre-installed applications that are intended explicitly for security penetration needs. In addition, this distribution has also been used by many security workers, who are also specialists in the fields of penetration testing, forensics, reverse engineering, and vulnerability assessment. For variants, Kali Linux comes with various DE, namely Kali Linux KDE, Mate, LXDE and Enlightenment.
✅ Linux Mint
Besides Ubuntu, one of the best Linux distributions is Linux Mint. This distribution is also suitable for use by new Linux users. Linux Mint is equipped with a lot of software, such as LibreOffice, to meet the productivity needs of users when switching from Mac or Windows. Mint also has better support for proprietary media formats, which will make it easier for users to play videos, DVDs, and MP3 music files without having to bother installing codecs first.
Users can download four variants of Linux Mint 19.2, each of which uses a different DE. DE Cinnamon is currently the most popular, but users can also use the more basic DE MATE, or DE Xfce. Also, there is a KDE Linux Mint version that uses KDE Plasma. This latest version comes with Software Manager, which is equipped with superior applications such as Spotify, Skype, and WhatsApp.
All DE offered on Linux Mint has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, users are advised to make choices according to their needs. Or, users can also try it one by one to determine which is the best.
✅ Elementary OS
Elementary OS offers a UI that is very elegant and pleasing to the eye. This distribution is a Linux distribution that has a display style similar to that of macOS. The UI elegance of Elementary OS is fully presented by the DE used, namely Pantheon, which was developed based on DE Gnome.
The latest version of Elementary OS is named Juno, which is slightly nicer and neater than its predecessor, Loki. Also, this distro has AppCenter, which can make it easy for users to install applications without having to use the Terminal. This AppCenter also becomes very useful for Elementary OS because this distro does not have many pre-installed apps in it.
The Amnesic Incognito Live System, or Tails, is a Linux distribution that is oriented towards user privacy. This distribution can help users hide their location and identity as much as possible, Edward Snowden, a former NSA (National Security Agency) worker, also used it.
This distribution can direct all user internet traffic through the anonymous Tor network and is designed to prevent user data from being accessed and analyzed. Tails are based on Debian Linux and use DE Gnome, so the interface is still clear and user-friendly.
Tails are also not intended for all users. However, this distribution will be beneficial for users who are worried and concerned about privacy security in surfing the internet world, which lately has become a necessity and is widely abused by many companies.
The last best Linux distribution in this article is openSUSE. Previously known as SUSE Linux and later SuSE Linux Professional, openSUSE is intended for developers and system administrators. Because of this goal, this distribution is equipped with a very strict security protocol.
OpenSUSE has two main distro variants, namely openSUSE Leap and openSUSE Tumbleweed. Leap development uses source code from SUSE Linux Enterprise, which makes it far more stable than Tumbleweed, and is more suitable for daily activities. The latest version of openSUSE Leap is released about once a year and is supported for three years.
In contrast to Leap, the development of Tumbleweed is based on Factory, which was developed based on the core of openSUSE itself. Tumbleweed uses the “rolling” launch model. In other words, the application package will be available for download after being tested first. Therefore, Tumbleweed is suitable for developers, openSUSE Contributors, and Linux / FOSS enthusiasts.
In addition to the two variants above, the SUSE Studio website also allows users to create their version of OpenSUSE, complete with software packages, desktop settings, and user-selectable systems.
✅ CentOS 7
CentOS 7 is a Linux distribution that is devoted to stable use and is a branch distribution of the Enterprise version of Red Hat Linux. Therefore, like Red Hat, security and maintenance updates for CentOS are supported for up to 10 years from when they were first released.
Because it is devoted to stable use, CentOS is specifically designed to be a super-reliable or reliable distribution. Therefore, this distribution is very suitable for server needs. This fact also makes CentOS rarely used for daily use on the user’s desktop or laptop.
The list above is a compilation of the best Linux distributions. Users are advised to choose one according to their needs.
Ubuntu, as a Linux distribution, is an open source OS and has become one of the most popular alternatives for paid OS, such as Windows or macOS.
Through this article, I want to discuss some of the features that are inherited, as well as other details that make Ubuntu suitable for use as an OS to help run daily activities.
For information, because Linux is an open source OS, developers are free to view and modify the source code. This has resulted in many Linux distributions now available. Ubuntu, Mint, OpenSUSE, and Debian are some of the most popular.
✅ Ubuntu Has a User-Friendly Interface
Until now, according to experience with friends around, Ubuntu, like other Linux distributions, is known to have an interface that is difficult to use, and only suitable for use by developers. This assumption needs to be changed. Ubuntu has an interface that is easy to use and customize.
Like Windows or macOS, Ubuntu packages its features through an easily accessible menu. Even users who have basic knowledge about computers can use Ubuntu and access its features easily. The interface, besides being easy to use, also has an elegant design and is no less beautiful than that offered by a paid OS.
✅ Ubuntu Has Ubuntu Software Center
The conventional way to install applications on Ubuntu is to use the command code through Terminal. Now, Ubuntu, like Windows, which has a Windows Store, also offers the Ubuntu Software Center to make it easy for users to download and install applications.
The way it works is almost the same as other application stores, where users can download and install applications directly from the application store. For basic use, Ubuntu is also equipped with several default applications, such as Gimp for editing photos, Mozilla Firefox as the default browser, and VLC for playing media.
✅ Ubuntu Has Many Variants
Ubuntu has many variants that are determined by the desktop environment (DE). In addition to the default variants that currently use DE Gnome, other popular variants are Lubuntu, which uses LXDE, Kubuntu, which uses KDE, and Xubuntu, which uses Xfce as its desktop environment.
The existence of many of these variants allows users to be able to choose which option is more suitable for use. Each variant offers a different interface design, with its uniqueness to deliver a more enjoyable experience using Ubuntu.
✅ Ubuntu Free
Downloading, installing, and using Ubuntu does not cost a penny. Therefore, many educational organizations and governments from all over the world use Ubuntu to reduce operational costs. In addition to Ubuntu itself, many applications available, both offered at the Ubuntu Software Center or on its official website, can also be downloaded for free.
Users can download Ubuntu through the official Canonical website at the following link. At the time of writing, the latest LTS version of Ubuntu is Ubuntu 18.04.03 LTS.
✅ Ubuntu Has Many Variants
Ubuntu has many variants that are determined by the desktop environment (DE). In addition to the default variants that currently use DE Gnome, other popular variants are Lubuntu, which uses LXDE, Kubuntu, which uses KDE, and Xubuntu, which uses Xfce as its desktop environment.
✅ Ubuntu Has Low System Requirements
Ubuntu has two special variants, Lubuntu and Xubuntu, which are designed for devices with low specifications. However, the default Ubuntu variant also does not require high specs to run it, which only requires a 700 MHz processor, 512 MB RAM, and 5 GB of storage space.
✅ Ubuntu is Safe from Viruses
Linux – including one of its distributions, Ubuntu – is known to be safe from virus threats, but that doesn’t mean it can’t be infected or attacked. Even so, when compared to Windows, Ubuntu, in my experience, is more reliable at warding off viruses.
Ubuntu’s default firewall and virus protection method ensures users are protected. Therefore, users no longer need to buy and install additional antivirus applications that are usually done when using Windows.
✅ Try Ubuntu Before Installing it
Users can try using Ubuntu before installing it. Ubuntu will provide an option to try it before it is installed. Users only need to download an ISO file from Ubuntu and boot from the data via a flash drive or other supporting device.
Or, users can also try Ubuntu through the Virtual Machine application for simpler options but require more resources.
Thus the discussion about Ubuntu and hopefully this article can be useful.
On a computer, there must be an operating system and software installed so that the computer can function properly.
The operating system and software installed on the computer must have made it, and some distributed it so that everyone could use it. However, everything that is created and distributed is also called a license, including the operating system and software contained in the computer.
License is something that is used to protect copyright, regardless of software or hardware. Licenses are made to appreciate and protect someone’s copyright so that one’s work is considered more valued.
An operating system and software made for computers are usually paid. For example, the Windows operating system, along with Microsoft Office applications, is one of the paid software. They paid in the sense that you need to pay the maker first before you can use it legally.
However, apart from being paid, the operating system and software were also created and distributed free of charge by the developer. Usually, operating systems and software that are made for free are often called “Open Source,” which do not require users to pay, even operating systems and software labeled “Open Source” can be accessed for free and legally.
✅ Understanding Open Source – What Is Open Source?
Open Source is a development license that is controlled by an individual or a central institution, and its management is not coordinated. Instead, open source is coordinated by users who cooperate in the use of source code (source code) that is freely available and can be accessed or modified by anyone.
Thus, everyone can use a program labeled open source for free. And even if the application is lacking or requires additional features, anyone – including you – can modify it and contribute to making the program better.
In essence, an operating system or software that uses open source labels or licenses certainly always free the user to create at will without any intervention to learn, change, manipulate, add certain parts, fix, or state that an open source program has errors.
Even so, users are still required to take full responsibility and not carelessly in making modifications to the operating system and software.
✅ What are the Advantages of Open Source?
The advantage of open source software is that it can be obtained free or free without the need to pay for a software license. And usually, open source software can be obtained on the internet, one of the famous open source software is the Linux computer operating system.
The internet strongly supports the open source software. Initially, open source is downloaded from the internet and then used by people who use it and can be repaired or developed again if there are deficiencies in the software. And the results of its development will be published on the internet again and can be used by many people. At this time, it is very easy to get open source software on the internet.
Of course, in the development of open source software involving a lot of people from various parts of the world, who interact through cyberspace or the internet network. So as technology develops, more and more various kinds of software created based on open source are uploaded to the internet. This pattern of open source has spawned a lot of development that is very reliable.
✅ Examples of Open Source Licensed Operating Systems and Software
The following are some examples of popular open source software, including as below:
- Linux, a free and very popular operating system software.
- XAMPP, a software package that is useful for simulations and web development, including Apache and MySQL (database).
- Mozilla Firefox is a software that is useful for browsing web pages on the internet.
- OpenOffice, an office software package that is useful for processing words, tables, and databases.
- osCommerce is a web application software used for online stores.
- ClamAV & ClamWin is antivirus software.
- Audacity is a recording and audio processing software.
- GIMP is a photo processing software and digital image.
- VideoLAN, a multimedia file player software.
- Blender is a program for making 3 (three) dimensional models, such as animation and games.
- FileZilla, network software that functions to transfer files via the FTP protocol on a computer network or internet network.
- Mplayer is an open source music player software.
How do you understand what is meant by open source? Thus the discussion about the understanding of the open source and hopefully this article can be useful.